Women Aloft and Hanna Reitsch

Farther, faster, higher For German women, it was not easy to even attempt record flights during the years between the Wars. Under the terms of the Versailles Treaty, Germany was prohibited from having aircraft that might conceivably be employed for military purposes. Fliers were generally restricted to gliders or small sport planes, and they were…

Avro Lancaster

The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber. It was designed and manufactured by Avro as a contemporary of the Handley Page Halifax, both bombers having been developed to the same specification, as well as the Short Stirling, all three aircraft being four-engined heavy bombers adopted by the Royal Air Force…

Aerodynamics of Manouevring Flight

Three Axes of Flight All manoeuvring flight takes place around one or more of the three axes of rotation. They are called the longitudinal, lateral and vertical axes of flight. The common reference point for the three axes is the airplane’s centre of gravity (CG), which is the theoretical point where the entire weight of…

Principles of Flight

THE FOUR FORCES OF FLIGHT During flight, the four forces acting on the airplane are lift, weight, thrust, and drag. Lift is the upward force created by the effect of airflow as it passes over and under the wings. It supports the airplane in flight. Weight opposes lift. It is caused by the downward pull…

Airplanes

One of the first things you are likely to notice during a visit to your local airport is the wide variety of airplane styles and designs. Although, at first glance, you may think that airplanes look quite different from one another, you will find that their major components are quite similar. THE FUSELAGE The fuselage…